ds视讯

国务院关于加快发展现代职业教育的决定(全文)
来源:ds视讯 发表时间: 2014-06-26 [ ] [关闭页面]

国务院关于加快发展现代职业教育的决定 

GUOFA〔2014〕19HAO 

  各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:

  JINNIANLAI,WOGUOZHIYEJIAOYUSHIYEKUAISUFAZHAN,TIXIJIANSHEWENBUTUIJIN,PEIYANGPEIXUNLEDAPIZHONGGAOJIJINENGXINGRENCAI,WEITIGAOLAODONGZHESUZHI、TUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHECUJINJIUYEZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。TONGSHIYEYAOKANDAO,DANGQIANZHIYEJIAOYUHAIBUNENGWANQUANSHIYINGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEXUYAO,JIEGOUBUJINHELI,ZHILIANGYOUDAITIGAO,BANXUETIAOJIANBORUO,TIZHIJIZHIBUCHANG。JIAKUAIFAZHANXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYU,SHIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANZUOCHUDEZHONGDAZHANLVEBUSHU,DUIYUSHENRUSHISHICHUANGXINQUDONGFAZHANZHANLVE,CHUANGZAOGENGDARENCAIHONGLI,JIAKUAIZHUANFANGSHI、DIAOJIEGOU、CUSHENGJIJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI。XIANJIUJIAKUAIFAZHANXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUZUOCHUYIXIAJUEDING。

  一、总体要求

  (YI)ZHIDAOSIXIANG。YIDENGXIAOPINGLILUN、“SANGEDAIBIAO”ZHONGYAOSIXIANG、KEXUEFAZHANGUANWEIZHIDAO,JIANCHIYILIDESHURENWEIGENBEN,YIFUWUFAZHANWEIZONGZHI,YICUJINJIUYEWEIDAOXIANG,SHIYINGJISHUJINBUHESHENGCHANFANGSHIBIANGEYIJISHEHUIGONGGONGFUWUDEXUYAO,SHENHUATIZHIJIZHIGAIGE,TONGCHOUFAHUIHAOZHENGFUHESHICHANGDEZUOYONG,JIAKUAIXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUTIXIJIANSHE,SHENHUACHANJIAORONGHE、XIAOQIHEZUO,PEIYANGSHUYIYIJIDEGAOSUZHILAODONGZHEHEJISHUJINENGRENCAI。

  (ER)JIBENYUANZE。

ds视讯  ——ZHENGFUTUIDONG、SHICHANGYINDAO。FAHUIHAOZHENGFUBAOJIBEN、CUGONGPINGZUOYONG,ZHELIYINGZAOZHIDUHUANJING、ZHIDINGFAZHANGUIHUA、GAISHANJIBENBANXUETIAOJIAN、JIAQIANGGUIFANGUANLIHEJIANDUZHIDAODENG。CHONGFENFAHUISHICHANGJIZHIZUOYONG,YINDAOSHEHUILILIANGCANYUBANXUE,KUODAYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUAN,JIFAXUEXIAOFAZHANHUOLI,CUJINZHIYEJIAOYUYUSHEHUIXUQIUJINMIDUIJIE。

  ——JIAQIANGTONGCHOU、FENLEIZHIDAO。LAOGUQUELIZHIYEJIAOYUZAIGUOJIARENCAIPEIYANGTIXIZHONGDEZHONGYAOWEIZHI,TONGCHOUFAZHANGEJIGELEIZHIYEJIAOYU,JIANCHIXUEXIAOJIAOYUHEZHIYEPEIXUNBINGJU。QIANGHUASHENGJIRENMINZHENGFUTONGCHOUHEBUMENXIEDIAOPEIHE,JIAQIANGXINGYEBUMENDUIBENBUMEN、BENXINGYEZHIYEJIAOYUDEZHIDAO。TUIDONGGONGBANYUMINBANZHIYEJIAOYUGONGTONGFAZHAN。

ds视讯  ——FUWUXUQIU、JIUYEDAOXIANG。FUWUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHERENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN,TUIDONGZHUANYESHEZHIYUCHANYEXUQIUDUIJIE,KECHENGNEIRONGYUZHIYEBIAOZHUNDUIJIE,JIAOXUEGUOCHENGYUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGDUIJIE,BIYEZHENGSHUYUZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUDUIJIE,ZHIYEJIAOYUYUZHONGSHENXUEXIDUIJIE。ZHONGDIANTIGAOQINGNIANJIUYENENGLI。

  ——CHANJIAORONGHE、TESEBANXUE。TONGBUGUIHUAZHIYEJIAOYUYUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,XIEDIAOTUIJINRENLIZIYUANKAIFAYUJISHUJINBU,TUIDONGJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEYUCHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIXIANJIEPEITAO。TUCHUZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUETESE,QIANGHUAXIAOQIXIETONGYUREN。

ds视讯  ——XITONGPEIYANG、DUOYANGCHENGCAI。TUIJINZHONGDENGHEGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUJINMIXIANJIE,FAHUIZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUZAIFAZHANXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUZHONGDEJICHUXINGZUOYONG,FAHUIGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUZAIYOUHUAGAODENGJIAOYUJIEGOUZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。JIAQIANGZHIYEJIAOYUYUPUTONGJIAOYUGOUTONG,WEIXUESHENGDUOYANGHUAXUANZE、DUOLUJINGCHENGCAIDAJIAN“LIJIAOQIAO”。

ds视讯  (SAN)MUBIAORENWU。DAO2020NIAN,XINGCHENGSHIYINGFAZHANXUQIU、CHANJIAOSHENDURONGHE、ZHONGZHIGAOZHIXIANJIE、ZHIYEJIAOYUYUPUTONGJIAOYUXIANGHUGOUTONG,TIXIANZHONGSHENJIAOYULINIAN,JUYOUZHONGGUOTESE、SHIJIESHUIPINGDEXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUTIXI。

ds视讯  ——JIEGOUGUIMOGENGJIAHELI。ZONGTIBAOCHIZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOHEPUTONGGAOZHONGZHAOSHENGGUIMODATIXIANGDANG,GAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUGUIMOZHANGAODENGJIAOYUDEYIBANYISHANG,ZONGTIJIAOYUJIEGOUGENGJIAHELI。DAO2020NIAN,ZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUZAIXIAOSHENGDADAO2350WANREN,ZHUANKECENGCIZHIYEJIAOYUZAIXIAOSHENGDADAO1480WANREN,JIESHOUBENKECENGCIZHIYEJIAOYUDEXUESHENGDADAOYIDINGGUIMO。CONGYERENYUANJIXUJIAOYUDADAO3.5YIRENCI。

  ——YUANXIAOBUJUHEZHUANYESHEZHIGENGJIASHIYINGJINGJISHEHUIXUQIU。DIAOZHENGWANSHANZHIYEYUANXIAOQUYUBUJU,KEXUEHELISHEZHIZHUANYE,JIANQUANZHUANYESUICHANYEFAZHANDONGTAIDIAOZHENGDEJIZHI,ZHONGDIANTISHENGMIANXIANGXIANDAINONGYE、XIANJINZHIZAOYE、XIANDAIFUWUYE、ZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEHESHEHUIGUANLI、SHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDENGLINGYUDERENCAIPEIYANGNENGLI。

  ——ZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUESHUIPINGPUBIANTIGAO。GELEIZHUANYEDERENCAIPEIYANGSHUIPINGDAFUTISHENG,BANXUETIAOJIANMINGXIANGAISHAN,SHIXUNSHEBEIPEIZHISHUIPINGYUJISHUJINBUYAOQIUGENGJIASHIYING,XIANDAIXINXIJISHUGUANGFANYINGYONG。ZHUANJIANJIEHEDE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEJINZHANXIANZHU。JIANCHENGYIPISHIJIEYILIUDEZHIYEYUANXIAOHEGUGANZHUANYE,XINGCHENGJUYOUGUOJIJINGZHENGLIDERENCAIPEIYANGGAODI。

ds视讯  ——FAZHANHUANJINGGENGJIAYOUHUA。XIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUZHIDUJIBENJIANLI,ZHENGCEFAGUIGENGJIAJIANQUAN,XIANGGUANBIAOZHUNGENGJIAKEXUEGUIFAN,JIANGUANJIZHIGENGJIAWANSHAN。YINDAOHEGULISHEHUILILIANGCANYUDEZHENGCEGENGJIAJIANQUAN。QUANSHEHUIRENCAIGUANNIANXIANZHUGAISHAN,ZHICHIHECANYUZHIYEJIAOYUDEFENWEIGENGJIANONGHOU。

  二、加快构建现代职业教育体系

ds视讯  (SI)GONGGUTIGAOZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUFAZHANSHUIPING。GEDIYAOTONGCHOUZUOHAOZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOHEPUTONGGAOZHONGZHAOSHENGGONGZUO,LUOSHIHAOZHIPUZHAOSHENGDATIXIANGDANGDEYAOQIU,JIAKUAIPUJIGAOZHONGJIEDUANJIAOYU。GULIYOUZHIXUEXIAOTONGGUOJIANBING、TUOGUAN、HEZUOBANXUEDENGXINGSHI,ZHENGHEBANXUEZIYUAN,YOUHUAZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUBUJUJIEGOU。TUIJINXIANJIZHIJIAOZHONGXINDENGZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOYUCHENGSHIYUANXIAO、KEYANJIGOUDUIKOUHEZUO,SHISHIXUELIJIAOYU、JISHUTUIGUANG、FUPINKAIFA、LAODONGLIZHUANYIPEIXUNHESHEHUISHENGHUOJIAOYU。ZAIBAOZHANGXUESHENGJISHUJINENGPEIYANGZHILIANGDEJICHUSHANG,JIAQIANGWENHUAJICHUJIAOYU,SHIXIANJIUYEYOUNENGLI、SHENGXUEYOUJICHU。YOUTIAOJIANDEPUTONGGAOZHONGYAOSHIDANGZENGJIAZHIYEJISHUJIAOYUNEIRONG。

ds视讯  (WU)CHUANGXINFAZHANGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYU。ZHUANKEGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOYAOMIQIECHANXUEYANHEZUO,PEIYANGFUWUQUYUFAZHANDEJISHUJINENGRENCAI,ZHONGDIANFUWUQIYETEBIESHIZHONGXIAOWEIQIYEDEJISHUYANFAHECHANPINSHENGJI,JIAQIANGSHEQUJIAOYUHEZHONGSHENXUEXIFUWU。TANSUOFAZHANBENKECENGCIZHIYEJIAOYU。JIANLIYIZHIYEXUQIUWEIDAOXIANG、YISHIJIANNENGLIPEIYANGWEIZHONGDIAN、YICHANXUEJIEHEWEITUJINGDEZHUANYEXUEWEIYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGMOSHI。YANJIUJIANLIFUHEZHIYEJIAOYUTEDIANDEXUEWEIZHIDU。YUANZESHANGZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOBUSHENGGEWEIHUOBINGRUGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAO,ZHUANKEGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOBUSHENGGEWEIHUOBINGRUBENKEGAODENGXUEXIAO,XINGCHENGDINGWEIQINGXI、KEXUEHELIDEZHIYEJIAOYUCENGCIJIEGOU。

  (LIU)YINDAOPUTONGBENKEGAODENGXUEXIAOZHUANXINGFAZHAN。CAIQUSHIDIANTUIDONG、SHIFANYINLINGDENGFANGSHI,YINDAOYIPIPUTONGBENKEGAODENGXUEXIAOXIANGYINGYONGJISHULEIXINGGAODENGXUEXIAOZHUANXING,ZHONGDIANJUBANBENKEZHIYEJIAOYU。DULIXUEYUANZHUANSHEWEIDULISHEZHIGAODENGXUEXIAOSHI,GULIQIDINGWEIWEIYINGYONGJISHULEIXINGGAODENGXUEXIAO。JIANLIGAODENGXUEXIAOFENLEITIXI,SHIXINGFENLEIGUANLI,JIAKUAIJIANLIFENLEISHEZHI、PINGJIA、ZHIDAO、BOKUANZHIDU。ZHAOSHENG、TOURUDENGZHENGCECUOSHIXIANGYINGYONGJISHULEIXINGGAODENGXUEXIAOQINGXIE。

  (QI)WANSHANZHIYEJIAOYURENCAIDUOYANGHUACHENGZHANGQUDAO。JIANQUAN“WENHUASUZHI+ZHIYEJINENG”、DANDUZHAOSHENG、ZONGHEPINGJIAZHAOSHENGHEJINENGBAJIANRENCAIMIANSHIDENGKAOSHIZHAOSHENGBANFA,WEIXUESHENGJIESHOUBUTONGCENGCIGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUTIGONGDUOZHONGJIHUI。ZAIXUEQIANJIAOYU、HULI、JIANKANGFUWU、SHEQUFUWUDENGLINGYU,JIANQUANDUICHUZHONGBIYESHENGSHIXINGZHONGGAOZHIGUANTONGPEIYANGDEKAOSHIZHAOSHENGBANFA。SHIDUTIGAOZHUANKEGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOZHAOSHOUZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOBIYESHENGDEBILI、BENKEGAODENGXUEXIAOZHAOSHOUZHIYEYUANXIAOBIYESHENGDEBILI。ZHUBUKUODAGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOZHAOSHOUYOUSHIJIANJINGLIRENYUANDEBILI。JIANLIXUEFENJILEIYUZHUANHUANZHIDU,TUIJINXUEXICHENGGUOHURENXIANJIE。

ds视讯  (BA)JIJIFAZHANDUOZHONGXINGSHIDEJIXUJIAOYU。JIANLIYOULIYUQUANTILAODONGZHEJIESHOUZHIYEJIAOYUHEPEIXUNDELINGHUOXUEXIZHIDU,FUWUQUANMINXUEXI、ZHONGSHENXUEXI,TUIJINXUEXIXINGSHEHUIJIANSHE。MIANXIANGWEISHENGXUECHUGAOZHONGBIYESHENG、CANJIREN、SHIYERENYUANDENGQUNTIGUANGFANKAIZHANZHIYEJIAOYUHEPEIXUN。TUIJINNONGMINJIXUJIAOYUGONGCHENG,JIAQIANGSHENONGZHUANYE、KECHENGHEJIAOCAIJIANSHE,CHUANGXINNONGXUEJIEHEMOSHI。TUIDONGYIPIXIAN(SHI、QU)ZAINONGCUNZHIYEJIAOYUHECHENGRENJIAOYUGAIGEFAZHANFANGMIANFAHUISHIFANZUOYONG。LIYONGZHIYEYUANXIAOZIYUANGUANGFANKAIZHANZHIGONGJIAOYUPEIXUN。ZHONGSHIPEIYANGJUNDILIANGYONGRENCAI。TUIYISHIBINGJIESHOUZHIYEJIAOYUHEPEIXUN,ANZHAOGUOJIAYOUGUANGUIDINGXIANGSHOUYOUDAI。

  三、激发职业教育办学活力

ds视讯  (JIU)YINDAOZHICHISHEHUILILIANGXINGBANZHIYEJIAOYU。CHUANGXINMINBANZHIYEJIAOYUBANXUEMOSHI,JIJIZHICHIGELEIBANXUEZHUTITONGGUODUZI、HEZI、HEZUODENGDUOZHONGXINGSHIJUBANMINBANZHIYEJIAOYU;TANSUOFAZHANGUFENZHI、HUNHESUOYOUZHIZHIYEYUANXIAO,YUNXUYIZIBEN、ZHISHI、JISHU、GUANLIDENGYAOSUCANYUBANXUEBINGXIANGYOUXIANGYINGQUANLI。TANSUOGONGBANHESHEHUILILIANGJUBANDEZHIYEYUANXIAOXIANGHUWEITUOGUANLIHEGOUMAIFUWUDEJIZHI。YINDAOSHEHUILILIANGCANYUJIAOXUEGUOCHENG,GONGTONGKAIFAKECHENGHEJIAOCAIDENGJIAOYUZIYUAN。SHEHUILILIANGJUBANDEZHIYEYUANXIAOYUGONGBANZHIYEYUANXIAOJUYOUTONGDENGFALVDIWEI,YIFAXIANGSHOUXIANGGUANJIAOYU、CAISHUI、TUDI、JINRONGDENGZHENGCE。JIANQUANZHENGFUBUTIE、GOUMAIFUWU、ZHUXUEDAIKUAN、JIJINJIANGLI、JUANZIJILIDENGZHIDU,GULISHEHUILILIANGCANYUZHIYEJIAOYUBANXUE、GUANLIHEPINGJIA。

  (SHI)JIANQUANQIYECANYUZHIDU。YANJIUZHIDINGCUJINXIAOQIHEZUOBANXUEYOUGUANFAGUIHEJILIZHENGCE,SHENHUACHANJIAORONGHE,GULIXINGYEHEQIYEJUBANHUOCANYUJUBANZHIYEJIAOYU,FAHUIQIYEZHONGYAOBANXUEZHUTIZUOYONG。GUIMOYISHANGQIYEYAOYOUJIGOUHUORENYUANZUZHISHISHIZHIGONGJIAOYUPEIXUN、DUIJIEZHIYEYUANXIAO,SHELIXUESHENGSHIXIHEJIAOSHISHIJIANGANGWEI。QIYEYINJIESHOUSHIXISHENGSUOSHIJIFASHENGDEYUQUDESHOURUYOUGUANDE、HELIDEZHICHU,ANXIANXINGSHUISHOUFALVGUIDINGZAIJISUANYINGNASHUISUODEESHIKOUCHU。DUOZHONGXINGSHIZHICHIQIYEJIANSHEJIANJUSHENGCHANYUJIAOXUEGONGNENGDEGONGGONGSHIXUNJIDI。DUIJUBANZHIYEYUANXIAODEQIYE,QIBANXUEFUHEZHIYEJIAOYUFAZHANGUIHUAYAOQIUDE,GEDIKETONGGUOZHENGFUGOUMAIFUWUDENGFANGSHIJIYUZHICHI。DUIZHIYEYUANXIAOZIBANDE、YIFUWUXUESHENGSHIXISHIXUNWEIZHUYAOMUDEDEQIYEHUOJINGYINGHUODONG,ANZHAOGUOJIAYOUGUANGUIDINGXIANGSHOUSHUISHOUDENGYOUHUI。ZHICHIQIYETONGGUOXIAOQIHEZUOGONGTONGPEIYANGPEIXUNRENCAI,BUDUANTISHENGQIYEJIAZHI。QIYEKAIZHANZHIYEJIAOYUDEQINGKUANGNARUQIYESHEHUIZERENBAOGAO。

  (SHIYI)JIAQIANGXINGYEZHIDAO、PINGJIAHEFUWU。JIAQIANGXINGYEZHIDAONENGLIJIANSHE,FENLEIZHIDINGXINGYEZHIDAOZHENGCE。TONGGUOSHOUQUANWEITUO、GOUMAIFUWUDENGFANGSHI,BASHIYIXINGYEZUZHICHENGDANDEZHIZEJIAOJIXINGYEZUZHI,JIYUZHENGCEZHICHIBINGQIANGHUAFUWUJIANGUAN。XINGYEZUZHIYAOLVXINGHAOFABUXINGYERENCAIXUQIU、TUIJINXIAOQIHEZUO、CANYUZHIDAOJIAOYUJIAOXUE、KAIZHANZHILIANGPINGJIADENGZHIZE,JIANLIXINGYERENLIZIYUANXUQIUYUCEHEJIUYEZHUANGKUANGDINGQIFABUZHIDU。

ds视讯  (SHIER)WANSHANXIANDAIZHIYEXUEXIAOZHIDU。KUODAZHIYEYUANXIAOZAIZHUANYESHEZHIHEDIAOZHENG、RENSHIGUANLI、JIAOSHIPINGPIN、SHOURUFENPEIDENGFANGMIANDEBANXUEZIZHUQUAN。ZHIYEYUANXIAOYAOYIFAZHIDINGTIXIANZHIYEJIAOYUTESEDEZHANGCHENGHEZHIDU,WANSHANZHILIJIEGOU,TISHENGZHILINENGLI。JIANLIXUEXIAO、XINGYE、QIYE、SHEQUDENGGONGTONGCANYUDEXUEXIAOLISHIHUIHUODONGSHIHUI。ZHIDINGXIAOZHANGRENZHIZIGEBIAOZHUN,TUIJINXIAOZHANGPINRENZHIGAIGEHEGONGKAIXUANBASHIDIAN。JIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOXIAOZHANGFUZEZHI、GONGBANGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAODANGWEILINGDAOXIADEXIAOZHANGFUZEZHI。JIANLIQIYEJINGYINGGUANLIHEJISHURENYUANYUXUEXIAOLINGDAO、GUGANJIAOSHIXIANGHUJIANZHIZHIDU。WANSHANTIXIANZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUEHEGUANLITEDIANDEJIXIAOKAOHENEIBUFENPEIJIZHI。

ds视讯  (SHISAN)GULIDUOYUANZHUTIZUJIANZHIYEJIAOYUJITUAN。YANJIUZHIDINGYUANXIAO、XINGYE、QIYE、KEYANJIGOU、SHEHUIZUZHIDENGGONGTONGZUJIANZHIYEJIAOYUJITUANDEZHICHIZHENGCE,FAHUIZHIYEJIAOYUJITUANZAICUJINJIAOYULIANHECHANYELIANYOUJIRONGHEZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。GULIZHONGYANGQIYEHEXINGYELONGTOUQIYEQIANTOUZUJIANZHIYEJIAOYUJITUAN。TANSUOZUJIANFUGAIQUANCHANYELIANDEZHIYEJIAOYUJITUAN。JIANQUANLIANXIHUI、DONGSHIHUI、LISHIHUIDENGZHILIJIEGOUHEJUECEJIZHI。KAIZHANDUOYUANTOUZIZHUTIYIFAGONGJIANZHIYEJIAOYUJITUANDEGAIGESHIDIAN。

  (SHISI)QIANGHUAZHIYEJIAOYUDEJISHUJINENGJILEIZUOYONG。ZHIDINGDUOFANGCANYUDEZHICHIZHENGCE,TUIDONGZHENGFU、XUEXIAO、XINGYE、QIYELIANDONG,CUJINJISHUJINENGDEJILEIYUCHUANGXIN。TUIDONGZHIYEYUANXIAOYUXINGYEQIYEGONGJIANJISHUGONGYIHECHANPINKAIFAZHONGXIN、SHIYANSHIXUNPINGTAI、JINENGDASHIGONGZUOSHIDENG,CHENGWEIGUOJIAJISHUJINENGJILEIYUCHUANGXINDEZHONGYAOZAITI。ZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHIHEXUESHENGYONGYOUZHISHICHANQUANDEJISHUKAIFA、CHANPINSHEJIDENGCHENGGUO,KEYIFAYIGUIZAIQIYEZUOJIARUGU。

  四、提高人才培养质量

ds视讯  (SHIWU)TUIJINRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHICHUANGXIN。JIANCHIXIAOQIHEZUO、GONGXUEJIEHE,QIANGHUAJIAOXUE、XUEXI、SHIXUNXIANGRONGHEDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUODONG。TUIXINGXIANGMUJIAOXUE、ANLIJIAOXUE、GONGZUOGUOCHENGDAOXIANGJIAOXUEDENGJIAOXUEMOSHI。JIADASHIXISHIXUNZAIJIAOXUEZHONGDEBIZHONG,CHUANGXINDINGGANGSHIXIXINGSHI,QIANGHUAYIYURENWEIMUBIAODESHIXISHIXUNKAOHEPINGJIA。JIANQUANXUESHENGSHIXIZERENBAOXIANZHIDU。JIJITUIJINXUELIZHENGSHUHEZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHU“SHUANGZHENGSHU”ZHIDU。KAIZHANXIAOQILIANHEZHAOSHENG、LIANHEPEIYANGDEXIANDAIXUETUZHISHIDIAN,WANSHANZHICHIZHENGCE,TUIJINXIAOQIYITIHUAYUREN。KAIZHANZHIYEJINENGJINGSAI。

  (SHILIU)JIANLIJIANQUANKECHENGXIANJIETIXI。SHIYINGJINGJIFAZHAN、CHANYESHENGJIHEJISHUJINBUXUYAO,JIANLIZHUANYEJIAOXUEBIAOZHUNHEZHIYEBIAOZHUNLIANDONGKAIFAJIZHI。TUIJINZHUANYESHEZHI、ZHUANYEKECHENGNEIRONGYUZHIYEBIAOZHUNXIANGXIANJIE,TUIJINZHONGDENGHEGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUPEIYANGMUBIAO、ZHUANYESHEZHI、JIAOXUEGUOCHENGDENGFANGMIANDEXIANJIE,XINGCHENGDUIJIEJINMI、TESEXIANMING、DONGTAIDIAOZHENGDEZHIYEJIAOYUKECHENGTIXI。QUANMIANSHISHISUZHIJIAOYU,KEXUEHELISHEZHIKECHENG,JIANGZHIYEDAODE、RENWENSUYANGJIAOYUGUANCHUANPEIYANGQUANGUOCHENG。

  (SHIQI)JIANSHE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWU。WANSHANJIAOSHIZIGEBIAOZHUN,SHISHIJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN。JIANQUANJIAOSHIZHUANYEJISHUZHIWU(ZHICHENG)PINGPINBANFA,TANSUOZAIZHIYEXUEXIAOSHEZHIZHENGGAOJIJIAOSHIZHIWU(ZHICHENG)。JIAQIANGXIAOZHANGPEIXUN,SHIXINGWUNIANYIZHOUQIDEJIAOSHIQUANYUANPEIXUNZHIDU。LUOSHIJIAOSHIQIYESHIJIANZHIDU。ZHENGFUYAOZHICHIXUEXIAOANZHAOYOUGUANGUIDINGZIZHUPINQINGJIANZHIJIAOSHI。WANSHANQIYEGONGCHENGJISHURENYUAN、GAOJINENGRENCAIDAOZHIYEYUANXIAODANRENZHUANJIANZHIJIAOSHIDEXIANGGUANZHENGCE,JIANZHIJIAOSHIRENJIAOQINGKUANGYINGZUOWEIQIYEJIKAOHEPINGJIADEZHONGYAONEIRONG。JIAQIANGZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAOJIANSHE。TUIJINGAOSHUIPINGXUEXIAOHEDAZHONGXINGQIYEGONGJIAN“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNJIDI。DIFANGZHENGFUYAOBIZHAOPUTONGGAOZHONGHEGAODENGXUEXIAO,GENJUZHIYEJIAOYUTEDIANHEDINGGONGBANZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOZHIGONGBIANZHI。JIAQIANGZHIYEJIAOYUKEYANJIAOYANDUIWUJIANSHE,TIGAOKEYANNENGLIHEJIAOXUEYANJIUSHUIPING。

  (SHIBA)TIGAOXINXIHUASHUIPING。GOUJIANLIYONGXINXIHUASHOUDUANKUODAYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANFUGAIMIANDEYOUXIAOJIZHI,TUIJINZHIYEJIAOYUZIYUANKUAQUYU、KUAXINGYEGONGJIANGONGXIANG,ZHUBUSHIXIANSUOYOUZHUANYEDEYOUZHISHUZIJIAOYUZIYUANQUANFUGAI。ZHICHIYUZHUANYEKECHENGPEITAODEXUNIFANGZHENSHIXUNXITONGKAIFAYUYINGYONG。TUIGUANGJIAOXUEGUOCHENGYUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHISHIHUDONGDEYUANCHENGJIAOXUE。JIAKUAIXINXIHUAGUANLIPINGTAIJIANSHE,JIAQIANGXIANDAIXINXIJISHUYINGYONGNENGLIPEIXUN,JIANGXIANDAIXINXIJISHUYINGYONGNENGLIZUOWEIJIAOSHIPINGPINKAOHEDEZHONGYAOYIJU。

ds视讯  (SHIJIU)JIAQIANGGUOJIdsSHIXUNYUHEZUO。WANSHANZHONGWAIHEZUOJIZHI,ZHICHIZHIYEYUANXIAOYINJINGUO(JING)WAIGAOSHUIPINGZHUANJIAHEYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUAN,GULIZHONGWAIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHIHUPAI、XUESHENGHUHUAN。SHISHIZHONGWAIZHIYEYUANXIAOHEZUOBANXUEXIANGMU,TANSUOHEGUIFANZHIYEYUANXIAODAOGUO(JING)WAIBANXUE。TUIDONGYUZHONGGUOQIYEHECHANPIN“ZOUCHUQU”XIANGPEITAODEZHIYEJIAOYUFAZHANMOSHI,ZHUZHONGPEIYANGFUHEZHONGGUOQIYEHAIWAISHENGCHANJINGYINGXUQIUDEBENTUHUARENCAI。JIJICANYUZHIDINGZHIYEJIAOYUGUOJIBIAOZHUN,KAIFAYUGUOJIXIANJINBIAOZHUNDUIJIEDEZHUANYEBIAOZHUNHEKECHENGTIXI。TISHENGQUANGUOZHIYEYUANXIAOJINENGDASAIGUOJIYINGXIANG。

  五、提升发展保障水平

  (ERSHI)WANSHANJINGFEIWENDINGTOURUJIZHI。GEJIRENMINZHENGFUYAOJIANLIYUBANXUEGUIMOHEPEIYANGYAOQIUXIANGSHIYINGDECAIZHENGTOURUZHIDU,DIFANGRENMINZHENGFUYAOYIFAZHIDINGBINGLUOSHIZHIYEYUANXIAOSHENGJUNJINGFEIBIAOZHUNHUOGONGYONGJINGFEIBIAOZHUN,GAISHANZHIYEYUANXIAOJIBENBANXUETIAOJIAN。DIFANGJIAOYUFUJIAFEIYONGYUZHIYEJIAOYUDEBILIBUDIYU30%。JIADADIFANGRENMINZHENGFUJINGFEITONGCHOULIDU,FAHUIHAOQIYEZHIGONGJIAOYUPEIXUNJINGFEIYIJIJIUYEJINGFEI、FUPINHEYIMINANZHIZIJINDENGGELEIZIJINZAIZHIYEPEIXUNZHONGDEZUOYONG,TIGAOZIJINSHIYONGXIAOYI。XIANJIYISHANGRENMINZHENGFUYAOJIANLIZHIYEJIAOYUJINGFEIJIXIAOPINGJIAZHIDU、SHENJIJIANDUGONGGAOZHIDU、YUJUESUANGONGKAIZHIDU。

  (ERSHIYI)JIANQUANSHEHUILILIANGTOURUDEJILIZHENGCE。GULISHEHUILILIANGJUANZI、CHUZIXINGBANZHIYEJIAOYU,TUOKUANBANXUECHOUZIQUDAO。TONGGUOGONGYIXINGSHEHUITUANTIHUOZHEXIANJIYISHANGRENMINZHENGFUJIQIBUMENXIANGZHIYEYUANXIAOJINXINGJUANZENGDE,QIJUANZENGANZHAOXIANXINGSHUISHOUFALVGUIDINGZAISHUIQIANKOUCHU。WANSHANCAIZHENGTIEXIDAIKUANDENGZHENGCE,JIANQUANMINBANZHIYEYUANXIAORONGZIJIZHI。QIYEYAOYIFALVXINGZHIGONGJIAOYUPEIXUNHEZUETIQUJIAOYUPEIXUNJINGFEIDEZEREN,YIBANQIYEANZHAOZHIGONGGONGZIZONGEDE1.5%ZUETIQUJIAOYUPEIXUNJINGFEI,CONGYERENYUANJINENGYAOQIUGAO、SHIXUNHAOCAIDUO、PEIXUNRENWUZHONG、JINGJIXIAOYIJIAOHAODEQIYEKEAN2.5%TIQU,QIZHONGYONGYUYIXIANZHIGONGJIAOYUPEIXUNDEBILIBUDIYU60%。CHUGUOWUYUANCAIZHENG、SHUIWUZHUGUANBUMENLINGYOUGUIDINGWAI,QIYEFASHENGDEZHIGONGJIAOYUJINGFEIZHICHU,BUCHAOGUOGONGZIXINJINZONGE2.5%DEBUFEN,ZHUNYUKOUCHU;CHAOGUOBUFEN,ZHUNYUZAIYIHOUNASHUINIANDUJIEZHUANKOUCHU。DUIBUANGUIDINGTIQUHESHIYONGJIAOYUPEIXUNJINGFEIBINGJUBUGAIZHENGDEQIYE,YOUXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGRENMINZHENGFUYIFASHOUQUQIYEYINGDANGCHENGDANDEZHIYEJIAOYUJINGFEI,TONGCHOUYONGYUBENDIQUDEZHIYEJIAOYU。TANSUOLIYONGGUO(JING)WAIZIJINFAZHANZHIYEJIAOYUDETUJINGHEJIZHI。

  (ERSHIER)JIAQIANGJICHUNENGLIJIANSHE。FENLEIZHIDINGZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAO、GAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUEBIAOZHUN,DAO2020NIANSHIXIANJIBENDABIAO。ZAIZHENGHEXIANYOUXIANGMUDEJICHUSHANGSHISHIXIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUZHILIANGTISHENGJIHUA,TUIDONGGEDIJIANLIWANSHANYICUJINGAIGEHETIGAOJIXIAOWEIDAOXIANGDEGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOSHENGJUNBOKUANZHIDU,YINDAOGAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAOSHENHUABANXUEJIZHIHEJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGE;ZHONGDIANZHICHIZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAOGAISHANJIBENBANXUETIAOJIAN,KAIFAYOUZHIJIAOXUEZIYUAN,TIGAOJIAOSHISUZHI;TUIDONGJIANLIFADADIQUHEQIANFADADIQUZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUHEZUOBANXUEGONGZUOJIZHI。JIXUSHISHIZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUJICHUNENGLIJIANSHEXIANGMU。ZHICHIYIPIBENKEGAODENGXUEXIAOZHUANXINGFAZHANWEIYINGYONGJISHULEIXINGGAODENGXUEXIAO。DIFANGRENMINZHENGFU、XIANGGUANXINGYEBUMENHEDAXINGQIYEYAOQIESHIJIAQIANGSUOBANZHIYEYUANXIAOJICHUNENGLIJIANSHE,ZHICHIYIPIZHIYEYUANXIAOZHENGCHUANGGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING。

ds视讯  (ERSHISAN)WANSHANZIZHUZHENGCETIXI。JINYIBUJIANQUANGONGPINGGONGZHENG、DUOYUANTOURU、GUIFANGAOXIAODEZHIYEJIAOYUGUOJIAZIZHUZHENGCE。ZHUBUJIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAOZHUXUEJINFUGAIMIANHEBUZHUBIAOZHUNDONGTAIDIAOZHENGJIZHI,JIADADUINONGLINSHUIDIKUANGYOUHEDENGZHUANYEXUESHENGDEZHUXUELIDU。YOUJIHUADIZHICHIJIZHONGLIANPIANTESHUKUNNANDIQUNEIXIANZHIKAIFAHEJINZHIKAIFAQUCHUZHONGBIYESHENGDAOSHENG(QU、SHI)NEIWAIJINGJIJIAOFADADIQUJIESHOUZHIYEJIAOYU。WANSHANMIANXIANGNONGMIN、NONGCUNZHUANYILAODONGLI、ZAIZHIZHIGONG、SHIYERENYUAN、CANJIREN、TUIYISHIBINGDENGJIESHOUZHIYEJIAOYUHEPEIXUNDEZIZHUBUTIEZHENGCE,JIJITUIXINGYIZHIBUGERENWEIZHUDEZHIFUBANFA。YOUGUANBUMENHEZHIYEYUANXIAOYAOQIESHIJIAQIANGZIJINGUANLI,YANCHA“SHUANGZHONGXUEJI”、“XUJIAXUEJI”DENGWENTI,QUEBAOZIZHUZIJINYOUXIAOSHIYONG。

  (ERSHISI)JIADADUINONGCUNHEPINKUNDIQUZHIYEJIAOYUZHICHILIDU。FUWUGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANBAOZHANGTIXIJIANSHE,JIJIFAZHANXIANDAINONGYEZHIYEJIAOYU,JIANLIGONGYIXINGNONGMINPEIYANGPEIXUNZHIDU,DALIPEIYANGXINXINGZHIYENONGMIN。ZAIRENKOUJIZHONGHECHANYEFAZHANXUYAODEPINKUNDIQUJIANHAOYIPIZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAO。GUOJIAZHIDINGJIANGBUZHENGCE,ZHICHIDONGBUDIQUZHIYEYUANXIAOKUODAMIANXIANGZHONGXIBUDIQUDEZHAOSHENGGUIMO,SHENHUAZHUANYEJIANSHE、KECHENGKAIFA、ZIYUANGONGXIANG、XUEXIAOGUANLIDENGHEZUO。JIAQIANGMINZUDIQUZHIYEJIAOYU,GAISHANMINZUDIQUZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUETIAOJIAN,JIXUBANHAONEIDIXIZANG、XINJIANGZHONGZHIBAN,JIANSHEYIPIMINZUWENHUACHUANCHENGCHUANGXINSHIFANZHUANYEDIAN。

ds视讯  (ERSHIWU)JIANQUANJIUYEHEYONGRENDEBAOZHANGZHENGCE。RENZHENZHIXINGJIUYEZHUNRUZHIDU,DUICONGSHISHEJIGONGGONGANQUAN、RENSHENJIANKANG、SHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANDENGTESHUGONGZHONGDELAODONGZHE,BIXUCONGQUDEXIANGYINGXUELIZHENGSHUHUOZHIYEPEIXUNHEGEZHENGSHUBINGHUODEXIANGYINGZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUDERENYUANZHONGLUYONG。ZHICHIZAIFUHETIAOJIANDEZHIYEYUANXIAOSHELIZHIYEJINENGJIANDINGSUO(ZHAN),WANSHANZHIYEYUANXIAOHEGEBIYESHENGQUDEXIANGYINGZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUDEBANFA。GEJIRENMINZHENGFUYAOCHUANGZAOPINGDENGJIUYEHUANJING,XIAOCHUCHENGXIANG、XINGYE、SHENFEN、XINGBIEDENGYIQIEYINGXIANGPINGDENGJIUYEDEZHIDUZHANGAIHEJIUYEQISHI;DANGZHENGJIGUANHEQISHIYEDANWEIZHAOYONGRENYUANBUDEQISHIZHIYEYUANXIAOBIYESHENG。JIEHESHENHUASHOURUFENPEIZHIDUGAIGE,CUJINQIYETIGAOJINENGRENCAISHOURUSHUIPING。GULIQIYEJIANLIGAOJINENGRENCAIJINENGZHIWUJINTIEHETESHUGANGWEIJINTIEZHIDU。

  六、加强组织领导

ds视讯  (ERSHILIU)LUOSHIZHENGFUZHIZE。WANSHANFENJIGUANLI、DIFANGWEIZHU、ZHENGFUTONGCHOU、SHEHUICANYUDEGUANLITIZHI。GUOWUYUANXIANGGUANBUMENYAOYOUXIAOYUNYONGZONGTIGUIHUA、ZHENGCEYINDAODENGSHOUDUANYIJISHUISHOUJINRONG、CAIZHENGZHUANYIZHIFUDENGGANGGAN,JIAQIANGDUIZHIYEJIAOYUFAZHANDETONGCHOUXIEDIAOHEFENLEIZHIDAO;DIFANGZHENGFUYAOQIESHICHENGDANZHUYAOZEREN,JIEHEBENDISHIJITUIJINZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGEFAZHAN,TANSUOJIEJUEZHIYEJIAOYUFAZHANDENANDIANWENTI。YAOJIAKUAIZHENGFUZHINENGZHUANBIAN,JIANSHAOBUMENZHIZEJIAOCHAHEFENSAN,JIANSHAODUIXUEXIAOJIAOYUJIAOXUEJUTISHIWUDEGANYU。CHONGFENFAHUIZHIYEJIAOYUGONGZUOBUMENLIANXIHUIYIZHIDUDEZUOYONG,XINGCHENGGONGZUOHELI。

  (ERSHIQI)QIANGHUADUDAOPINGGU。JIAOYUDUDAOBUMENYAOWANSHANDUDAOPINGGUBANFA,JIAQIANGDUIZHENGFUJIYOUGUANBUMENLVXINGFAZHANZHIYEJIAOYUZHIZEDEDUDAO;YAOLUOSHIDUDAOBAOGAOGONGBUZHIDU,JIANGDUDAOBAOGAOZUOWEIDUIBEIDUDAODANWEIJIQIZHUYAOFUZERENKAOHEJIANGCHENGDEZHONGYAOYIJU。WANSHANZHIYEJIAOYUZHILIANGPINGJIAZHIDU,DINGQIKAIZHANZHIYEYUANXIAOBANXUESHUIPINGHEZHUANYEJIAOXUEQINGKUANGPINGGU,SHISHIZHIYEJIAOYUZHILIANGNIANDUBAOGAOZHIDU。ZHUZHONGFAHUIXINGYE、YONGRENDANWEIZUOYONG,JIJIZHICHIDISANFANGJIGOUKAIZHANPINGGU。

ds视讯  (ERSHIBA)YINGZAOLIANGHAOHUANJING。TUIDONGJIAKUAIXIUDINGZHIYEJIAOYUFA。ANZHAOGUOJIAYOUGUANGUIDING,YANJIUWANSHANZHIYEJIAOYUXIANJINDANWEIHEXIANJINGERENBIAOZHANGJIANGLIZHIDU。LUOSHIHAOZHIYEJIAOYUKEYANHEJIAOXUECHENGGUOJIANGLIZHIDU,YONGYOUXIUCHENGGUOYINLINGZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGECHUANGXIN。YANJIUSHELIZHIYEJIAOYUHUODONGZHOU。DALIXUANCHUANGAOSUZHILAODONGZHEHEJISHUJINENGRENCAIDEXIANJINSHIJIHEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,YINDAOQUANSHEHUIQUELIZUNZHONGLAODONG、ZUNZHONGZHISHI、ZUNZHONGJISHU、ZUNZHONGCHUANGXINDEGUANNIAN,CUJINXINGCHENG“CHONGSHANGYIJIZHIZHANG、BUWEIXUELIPINGNENGLI”DESHEHUIFENWEI,TIGAOZHIYEJIAOYUSHEHUIYINGXIANGLIHEXIYINLI。

国务院

2014年5月2日

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